Article shared by: The trade union movement in India started with the forming of Bombay Mill Hands Association in by N.K. Lokhands. In This article deals with the history of Trade Union Movement, its growth, features, etc. In India, the first quarter of the 20th century gave the birth. During the period the trade union movement was essentially humanitarian. These unions were sporadic in nature. The first Indian trade union, Bombay Mill Hands Association was formed in , with an immediate aim of agitation for a revision of first Indian Factories Act


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The broad features of the labour movement during the pre phase may be subsumed as: The phase is considered as the era of formation of modem trade unionism in the country. The trade union movement got momentum just after the close of the World War I. This led to the formation of trade unions in the truly modem sense of the term.

The various factors that influenced the growth of trade union movement in India during this phase may be briefly catalogued as follows: The wretched conditions of workers on account of spiralling prices of essential commodities during the post-World-War I led workers to trade union movement in india trade unions to improve their bargaining power and, in turn, living conditions.

The political scenario characterized by the home-rule movement and the martial law in Punjab made the politicians to recognize the workers movement as an asset to trade union movement in india cause.

Trade Union Movement in India

At the same time, workers also needed able guidance and leadership from the politicians to settle their grievances with the employers. The Russian Revolution also swayed the labour movement in India showing a new social order to the common man trade union movement in india the country.

Joshi for the first time was deputed as the representative from India to International Labour Conferences and Sessions.

Bythe trade union movement in India proliferated to the extent of trade unions with a quarter million members.

Trade unions in India - Wikipedia

This period in the history of trade union movement has been described as the Early Trade Union Period. With increasing hardships of workers, the signs of militant tendencies and revolutionary approach in trade union movement in india unionism got expression into violent strikes since The communists gained influence in L trade union movement during this period.

They split the Trade Union Congress twice with their widening differences with the left-wing unionists. The moderate section under the leadership of Mr.

6 Phases of Trade Union Movement in India

During the last part of s trade union movement in India faced a split on account of ideological differences. Thus during s, trade union movement in India faced unfavourable situation aggravated by economic depression leading to further split in the movement.

Although, little bit of unity was restored in the movement before the second world war but the trade union movement in india during the war again trade union movement in india the trade unionist, leading to further split in the movement. After independence, followed by partition, the country had to face a serious problem of growing unemployment.

Accordingly, the trade unions declared a series of strikes to protect their interests and to retain their earlier facilities. This resulted in a wide influence of unions and workers' organisations and led to significantly favourable social legislation being enacted in the first decade of Independence.

Several important labour laws were passed during this time.

6 Phases of Trade Union Movement in India

Independence to Liberalisation [ edit ] Following its Independence in and the formation of the Republic inIndia largely followed a Socialist economic approach encouraging public sector employment and pro-worker legislations.

The trade-union movement reflected the main political divisions of the time and was divided mainly along Socialist and Communist lines. The subsequent decades saw significant expansion in trade union membership with the number of active unions reaching its peak in the mids and mids.

While the s in India was a period characterised by political instability, the s was characterised by the beginnings trade union movement in india a distinct turn towards more market-friendly policies, support for industrialists and an implicit opposition to workers.

Two key events during this period were the railway strike in Trade union movement in india and the Great Bombay textile strike ofthe latter of which subsequently led to a long and complicated stalemate.


Liberalisation to Present[ edit trade union movement in india The period following the Economic liberalisation in was characterised by declining government intervention in the economy, a decline in the creation of public sector employment and encouragement for the private sector.

Efforts for unionisation in the private sectors were often met with opposition and the wider general withdrawal of State support for workers further undermined their bargaining power.

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